A crown (or cap) is a covering that encases the entire tooth surface, restoring it to its original shape and size. A crown protects and strengthens tooth structure that cannot be restored with fillings or other types of restorations. We prefer to always do the most tooth conserving type of crown (called an onlay) whenever possible. Up to 50% less healthy tooth structure is removed so the tooth stays stronger.
Although there are several types of crowns, porcelain (tooth colored crown) are the most popular. They are highly durable and will last many years, but like most dental restorations, they may eventually need to be replaced. Porcelain crowns are made to match the shape, size, and color of your teeth, giving you a long-lasting, beautiful smile.
Reasons for crowns:
What does getting a crown involve?
A crown procedure usually requires two appointments. Your first appointment will include taking a highly accurate mold (or impression) that will be used to create your custom crown. A mold will also be used to create a temporary crown which will stay on your tooth for approximately two weeks until your new crown is fabricated by a dental laboratory.
While the tooth is numb, we prepare the tooth by removing any decay and internal stress cracks and shaping the surface to properly fit the crown. Then a protective sealing coat is placed over the tooth. Once these details are accomplished, your temporary crown will be placed with temporary cement and your bite will be checked to ensure you are biting properly.
At your second appointment, your temporary crown will be removed, the tooth will be cleaned, and your new crown will be carefully placed to ensure the spacing and bite are accurate. Normally, numbing of the tooth is not required at the second appointment.
A crown or onlay does not make the tooth impervious to future decay. You still need to maintain the tooth with regular brushing and flossing.